41% of companies suffered a DDoS attack in 2014, their websites or systems either disrupted or taken offline completely. One in five were offline for a whole day. Reaction time is a factor in DDoS, so business owners, webmasters and IT managers should understand the risk that DDoS poses to their own business, and have a contingency plan in place.
The Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA), the organization that manages the .ca top level domain, has at long last introduced support for the full range of special characters (notably french characters like è, é, û, à, ç, ë, and œ).
Under CIRA’s new regime, every special character variant of a registered .ca domain name will automatically become part of an “administrative bundle”. That means people cannot purchase variants of existing domains that vary in special characters only – a pre-requisit for preventing fraud, phishing and spam.
However, the special character variants are not automatically registered to domain owners, nor therefore are special character domain URLs resolved or forwarded to their standard counterparts.
That means that individuals, organizations and companies who wish to register and manage their special character domain variants will have to go to the effort and expense of registering the new domain.
So what are the reasons, benefits and trends associated with special character domains, which have already been available under may other top level domains (.com, .fr etc) for some time?
For customers unfamiliar with reverse DNS, Reverse DNS works by starting with an IP address, and checking records to see if it points towards a domain. Unlike the regular DNS system which will allow multiple domains to be served from a single domain, the rDNS system only allows one IP per domain. More details about reverse DNS are available on our knowledge base http://kb.iweb.com/entries/21869927-reverse-dns-or-ptr?locale=1.
You will be able to add, delete or view the reverse DNS for all IPs that you have on each of your servers. It is important to note that this feature is available for Smart Servers, Classic and Cloud customers.
For more details on how to configure Reverse DNS in your Control Center, we invite you to read the article for this purpose available in our Knowledge Base http://kb.iweb.com/entries/22038828-configuring-reverse-dns-in-control-center?locale=1.
If you are looking into switching to a web host with better services, products and prices, the process of transferring your websites can be either seamless or a tragedy. If you just copy and paste files, you will risk losing emails, traffic, databases, and may face the wrath of your audience.
Here is then a complete guide on how to switch, with the objective of having zero downtime, and have at the same maximum availability of the website:
- Stop any Search Engine Campaign, PPC advertising, content promotion campaigns, or publication of new content on your website
- Do a backup of your emails
- Choose your web hosting product: shared web hosting, dedicated servers, or advanced solutions.
- Setup your web server and the OS (such as optimization, security, updating to latest version via available mirrors)
- Install your web server, programming languages, gems and libraries required for your setup
- Create the domain on your new web server
- Transfer the static files saved from step2
- Export the database to a SQL text file from your old host, import it into the database of your new web server
- Test the website, with the new temporary URL provided by iWeb. In the case of a dedicated server, you could also use directly a IP address provided to you.
- If there is any problems, or if you think it requires fine-tuning and optimization, go back through the different steps, from step 5
- Choose a day for your switch. One tip: use your website analytics software to choose a date, by looking for a day and hour with low traffic. Typically, the night from saturday to sunday is a good choice.
- Send a newsletter to your customers, partners and website visitors, announcing them that there’s a planned maintenance on a given period, with your contact information
- Now, you need to setup the database. This step can be difficult to implement, and you might need the help of an experienced system administrator. There are 2 ways to do it: the easy way is to export the latest version of your database and then import it. If there is sensible and critical data, you need to setup a S-Tunnel or secure synchronization link between the 2 databases so that new changes are reflected into the new one.
- Change DNS Settings from your domain name registrar. Point the new server to the domain name, by inputting IP adresses for your DNS primary servers (NS1 & NS2)
- Upload a static maintenance page on your old web server. Note: you can choose to go through this previous to step 15, depending on your setup.
- The propagation of the new DNS settings can take from 15 minutes to 24 hours. It means a few users will see right away the website from your new web server, but most people will take up to 1 day to see the new changes. For this transfer, you need then to ask your old web hosting provider to suspend your account and stop payement, 72 hours after the DNS switch.
- Last (optional) update to do: change your emails settings in your email software (Microsoft Outlook, Mail.app, Thunderbird)
Voilà! Of course, if you have multiple websites, you have to go through this process for each website. I hope this guide will be useful for you, to get quickly a website online with iWeb